The Haidian district in Beijing – China is moving ahead with the usage of a blockchain-based ID solution, which will allow the local authorities to take the process of certification online.
The move is aimed at eliminating the need to go to physical offices to process the certification and use paper documents. What is exciting about the new blockchain-based system is that it is going to accommodate around 200 different kinds of documentation. This covers 24 different kinds of licenses like marriage, business, and disability certificate. This new move is an aim to decongest the public services operations.
The first stage of the blockchain application is for verification of documents and proving the identity of the owner of the documents. With the use of blockchain, the checking of the authenticity of material submitted can now be taken to the blockchain for more efficiency and accuracy. Before clerks had to submit paper documents, however, the introduction of blockchain means these documents can be pulled from the blockchain. In the process of doing that, electronic evidence is created and stored, which is also retractable. That means the clerks don’t have to re-submit again. Furthermore, data like address, business license, name, ID number, and so on are smartly backfilled. That saves the unnecessary stress of having to fill in the data manually.
At the moment, 1621 district-level government services in Haidian have carried verification of documents through blockchain.
The pilot test carried out in Haidian for the application of blockchain in government service was the first disruption by blockchain in the public sector in the country. However, the blockchain application has its downside and that is entrenched in its internal link of approval.
Nevertheless, the downside doesn’t take away the improved efficiency that the new blockchain-based solution brings. For example, there is now an optimized handling process like the change to parallel administrative approval from series approval. For the parallel approval process, the approval results of the last link are utilized directly in the next link.
A use case of practicality of this new blockchain ID solution is in the opening of a Virtual Reality Experience museum. In the past, the clerical officer will have to tender 41 documents and the earliest it will be resolved was 47 working days. Presently, the number of materials required is now 23 and the processing time cut down to just 26 working days. In line with this, the Haidian District has the application of blockchain for optimization, and reformation extended to 40 administrative approval application processes.
On average, considering the 40 application processed, the submission of the documents was cut by over 40% and the processing time brought down to 17.5 working days. Furthermore, via the use of parallel evaluation and approval as well as assistance agencies, the number of evaluation and approval links has been brought down too.
From reports circulating, the district of Haidian intends to advocate for the use of blockchain in the government sector based on the 40 application processes.